A block quotation also known as a long quotation or extract is a quotation in a written document that is set off from the main text as a paragraph, or block of text, and typically distinguished visually using indentation and a different typeface or smaller size font.
This is in contrast to setting it off with quotation marks in a run-in quote. Block quotations are used for long quotations. The Chicago Manual of Style recommends using a block quotation when extracted text is words or more, or approximately six to eight lines in a typical manuscript.
In the first centuries of typesettingquotations were distinguished merely by indicating the speaker, and this can still be seen on some editions of the Bible.
During the Renaissancequotations were distinguished by setting in a typeface contrasting with the main body text often Italic type with romanor the other way round. Block quotations were set this way at full size and full measure. Quotation marks were first cut in type during the middle of the sixteenth century, and were used copiously by some printers by the seventeenth.
In Baroque and Romantic-period books, they could be repeated at the beginning of every line of a long quotation. When this practice was abandoned, the empty margin remained, leaving an indented block quotation. Apart from quotation marks not being used to enclose block quotations, there are no hard-and-fast rules for the exact formatting of block quotations.
To a large extent the specific format may be dictated by the method of publication e. For writers and editors, The Chicago Manual of Style 8th edition, recommends using a block quotation when cited text is five lines or longer.
Use of the block quotation for shorter passages is a stylistic choice that may or may not be acceptable depending on the situation. Some guidelines suggest an indentation of five, ten, or fifteen spaces. However, five spaces in a proportional font may be much narrower than in a typewriter font of the same point size.
In addition, setting an indent based on an exact number of spaces may not be technically possible in a given word processing or electronic publishing application. Some writers indent block quotations from the right margin as well.
Block quotations are generally set off from the text that precedes and follows them by also adding extra space above and below the quotation and setting the text in smaller type.
Barring specific requirements, the format of the block quotation will ultimately be determined by aestheticsmaking the quotation pleasing to the eye, easy to read, and appropriate for the particular writing task. In typesettingblock quotations can be distinguished from the surrounding text by variation in typeface often italic vs.
Often combinations of these methods are used, but are not necessary. Block quotations are also visually distinguished from preceding and following main text blocks by a white line or half-line space. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the text quotation style.
For the HTML element, see blockquote element. The Chicago Manual of Style 8th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Retrieved April 22, Categories : Grammar Writing Typography Quotations.According to the APA manual, quotations that are 40 words or more are considered block quotations and are formatted differently than regular quotations.
Note that block quotations should be used sparingly. Instead, if at all possible, try to quote smaller portions of the piece of text and incorporate these into your own voice. This practice will not only allow you to establish your voice as the author but also show the way you are engaging with the information, not just reporting it. Today, digital cameras have practically taken over photography. As Johnson explained.
This increase in sales can be partially attributed to the widespread use of email and social networking, which has encouraged the sharing of digital photos. Johnson further noted that, even more than with the shift to digital cameras, the increasing use of phones and iPods that have built-in cameras has replaced the use of film cameras.
Computer users often disagree about which operating system is best: Mac or PC. Oyler stated that one operating system is not better than the other, but that one may be better suited for different purposes than the other.Blockquote Styling using Background Images
She explained by saying that. Macs are often the best option for users who wish to work with video or picture manipulation. Macs are also very user friendly, which may benefit consumers who are new to computers. PCs, however, run Microsoft Office Suite the best. Therefore, students might find that a PC is their best option because it can run Microsoft Word and PowerPoint the smoothest.
Oyler,p. Conversely, Jones disagreed with the statement that Macs work with graphics such as video and pictures better than PCs, stating that PCs can be modified to work as well as Macs.
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Read a statement from the director. Citations: Block Quotations. Print Page Report a broken link.Blockquotes can be used for pull-quotes, testimonials, and to cite other documents.
We have developed additional styles which you can mix and match for varied results. OmniUpdate users just add a space when placing the CSS style into your page properties. To my delight sports fans turn out to be about the most interesting consumers there are. Within seventy years, these differing aesthetic considerations would develop into an international style which was reflected in the clothing worn during the Renaissance.
At the time that the Renaissance began to bloom, women's gown were long, flowing and intricate. Nationalistic trends and individuality dominated. There are no limitations to how many blockquotes you use in any particular section but if you add any css style all blockquotes within that section will be styled with it.
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All Rights Reserved. CSUF is committed to ensuring equal accessibility to our users. Let us know about any accessibility problems you encounter using this website. We'll do our best to improve things and get you the information you need. Default Blockquotes Blockquote Colors. CSS Style blockquote element with no classes defined. CSS Style blockquote2. CSS Style quote.This is usually done just on the left side. In fully-justified text, though, it can be helpful to place margins on both sides of the quote.
Fusce vestibulum molestie ultricies. Quisque non eros nec leo elementum elementum. Etiam non fermentum leo, in mollis urna.
Quisque quis tortor tempus, sollicitudin turpis et, tempus enim. Proin sed tincidunt urna, et auctor mauris. Vestibulum gravida tellus sit amet interdum ultrices.
Nulla suscipit odio ut est efficitur sollicitudin. The other very common styling pattern is to place a vertical line or border along the left edge of the blockquote. This is usually done in alignment with the edge of the surrounding text, which requires using padding in place of margin to achieve proper indentation. CSS border s go inside of margin and outside of padding. You may also want to set the left margin to 0 to override the default margin. This works well whether or not the text is justified.
However, this is not allowed according to the HTML5 standard. The cite element represents the title of a work e. This can be a work that is being quoted or referenced in detail i. In some cases, the b element might be appropriate for names; e. In other cases, if an element is really needed, the span element can be used. Disclosure: Your support helps keep the site running! We earn a referral fee for some of the services we recommend on this page.
Learn more.Block quotations may be called extracts, set-off quotations, long quotations, or display quotations. Block quotations are used in academic writing but are also common in journalistic and nonfiction writing.
While block quotations are perfectly acceptable, it's important for writers to be selective about their use. In some cases, block quotations are unnecessarily long and include more content than is needed to make or support a point. There is no single rule of thumb for formatting block quotations. Instead, each major style guide recommends slightly different ways of selecting, introducing, and setting off the quotations.
Before formatting, it's important to check on the style used for a particular publication, website, or class. Some styles are more concerned with word counts, while others focus on the number of lines.
While each "official" style guide has its own approach to block quotes, individual publishers may have unique in-house rules. The "MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers" recommends the following for a quotation that will run more than four lines when it is included in the text:. When a quotation is longer than four lines line, APA requires that it be styled as follows:.
Often used for writing in the humanities, the Chicago or Turabian Style Guide was created by the University of Chicago Press and is now in its 17th edition. It is sometimes referred to as the "Editors' Bible.
The AMA style guide was developed by the American Medical Association and is used almost exclusively for medical research papers. Rules for block quotes in the AMA style are as follows:. Share Flipboard Email. Richard Nordquist.
English and Rhetoric Professor. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. Block quotations are used when a quotation exceeds a specific length.
Requirements for length vary, depending on the style guide being used. Block quotes can be effective tools for persuading readers or proving a point, but they should be used sparingly and edited appropriately. Some of the more common style guides require block quotations as follows:.
When appropriate in the context of the text, introduce the block quotation with a colon. Begin a new line indented one inch from the left margin; do not indent the first line more than the other lines in the block quotation. Type the quote double-spaced. Do not place quotation marks around the block of quoted text. Set it off from your text by beginning a new line, indenting one inch from the left margin.In writing, we are always required to provide evidence for every argument we make.
This is usually in the form of quotations. In some cases, the quote might be long and everything in it may be relevant. We, therefore, have to present the quote properly so that the reader can easily identify it and distinguish it from the rest of the paper. In such a case we are required to use a block quotation.
Block quotations can be described as direct quotations used in writing, usually not enclosed in quotation marks. Often, a block quotation is separated from the other part of the paper by beginning it on a new line and ensuring that it is indented from the left margin.
Block quotations can also be referred to as long quotations, extracts, display quotation or set-off quotation. To do good quotes, you should learn how to make block quotes.
Block quotations can be used when the quotation is made up of more than four lines. This is the case when using the MLA formatting style is required. In case you are using APA, the quotations should be made up of more than 40 words. The block quotes should always be indented and be started off in a new line. Block quotations can also be formatted in italics for the reader to identify them easily.
In MLA format, block quotes are usually recommended when dealing with quotations that have more than four lines. Before inserting a block quote, you should first give it a brief introduction.
At the end of the introductory sentence, you can choose to place a comma or colon based on how the quote is designed. If the quote is meant to be a continuation of your thought, then it is best to use a colon, on the other hand, if you want to just reference the author, you can use a comma.
After the introduction, you can go ahead and insert the quote, but you should note that quotes and periods are not used in block quotes. This practice is different compared to how short quotes are structured in MLA. The quote should be started on a new line. You should, therefore, create a new paragraph to start your quote.Blockquotes are html elements that are meant to designate when a particular section of text is being taken from another website or other source.
Different browsers have different built-in styling for blockquotes, often just a simple left margin. If you use a lot of quotes, as bloggers often do, it is a good idea to take control of this element and give it some CSS style! A popular technique is to put large graphical Quotation marks at the upper left and lower right of the blockquote area. Not ideal, but it works. You can apply most of the styling the blockquote element in your CSS and then set the second background image with the span.
Upper left and lower right respectively. CSS-Tricks Example. Here are some examples: Classy Quote Ut nonummy habent soluta claritas veniam. Typi nunc soluta hendrerit mutationem sollemnes. Quis lius dolore et insitam vel. Aliquip consequat futurum claram ut mazim. Facilisi accumsan dolore ii imperdiet consequat. Claritatem aliquip quod putamus vulputate iusto. Doming minim typi zzril lius usus. In clari mutationem autem non sit. Qui augue mirum dynamicus gothica ut.
Demonstraverunt processus soluta sequitur autem demonstraverunt. Demonstraverunt soluta sequitur autem.